The Basic Aspects of Fitness

Posted by Alicia Scott on January 23, 2018

Many people want to be fit however that raises something. Exactly what does it mean to get fit? The reply is fairly simple. To be fit, DOCTOR doctor Vero health must have physical capability in four areas: aerobic capacity, muscular endurance and strength, flexibility and the body composition.

1. Aerobic Capacity. Aerobic capacity, and this is referred to as cardiorespiratory fitness, means the health and function of the guts, lungs and circulatory system. Simply stated, aerobic fitness may be the ability in the cardiorespiratory system to deliver an acceptable supply of oxygen to exercising muscles. As the aerobic capacity increases, your skill to participate in in additional intense and much more exercise also increases (e.g., walking, running, swimming and bicycling). It can be argued that aerobic capacity is the most important in the four aspects of fitness due to the many benefits it bestows. According to the American College of Sports Medicine, increased aerobic capacity leads to reduced blood pressure level, decreased total cholesterol, increased HDL (good) cholesterol, decreased extra fat, increased heart function and decreased probability of Diabetes type 2 symptoms.

2. Muscular Strength and Endurance. Muscular strength is the maximum amount of force a muscle or muscles can generate within a single contraction. Muscular endurance may be the number of repeated contractions a muscle or muscle group are capable of doing without tiring. Both are important components of overall fitness because increasing your strength through various kinds of weight lifting (e.g., weightlifting) results in increased bone strength, decreased bone loss, decreased muscle loss, increased tendon and ligament strength, increased physical capacity, improved metabolic function (e.g., use up more calories at rest), and decreased risk of injury.

3. Flexibility. Flexibility is the mobility in just a joint. Increased flexibility supplies a variety of benefits for example decreased injury risk, increased blood flow and nutrients to joint structures, increased neuromuscular coordination, decreased likelihood of lumbar pain, improved posture and reduced muscular tension.

4. Body Composition. Body composition means relative amount of body weight that contains body fat and fat-free mass (everything besides fat including muscles, organs, blood, bones and water). Generally speaking, the bottom your body fat percentage better due to diseases associated with excess body fat including heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and sleep disorders. I will be often asked, “Can you be fat and fit?” The reply is a massive NO. A significant portion of fitness will be the possessing great health fat percentage because increased fat leads to decreased athletic performance and increased chance of disease (even though it is achievable being overweight and healthy since health is only the absence of disease or illness). According to the American Council on Exercise, the average body-fat percentage for men is 18-24%. For fit men the percentage is 14-17%. The average percentage for women is 25-31%; however fit women come in the plethora of 21-24%. Body-fat percentages above 25% for males and 32% for females are thought obese.

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