Vienna Underground – A brief History

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The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahn Wien.

The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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