The public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna subway.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at a city of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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