People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to tunnel boring machine.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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