The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U Bahnnetz Wien.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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