The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahn Wien.
The center of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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