Vienna Underground – A Short History

Posted by Alicia Scott on February 14, 2018

People transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Tunnelbohrmaschine.

The center of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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