Vienna Underground – A Short History

Posted by Alicia Scott on February 14, 2018

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.

The midst of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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