People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Vienna metro map.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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