People transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahn Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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